It is estimated that more than one in every two hundred people suffer from inherited forms of heart disease, but are unaware about it.
Many times people with inherited cardiovascular problems display few or no symptoms of the disease, still, they are at high risk and may even face cardiac arrest.
Cardiology and genetic testing
Genetic testing cardiology can help in the diagnosis of these symptoms and can save the lives of many. Genetic testing is a vital part of cardiology-related diseases and treatment, as genetic tests provide a clear vision about the genetic and hereditary causes of a particular disorder and help in the diagnosis and prognosis of the disorder, especially in the challenging cases. Genetic testing for cardiology disorders is essential for the following reasons
- It gives an idea of hereditary factors responsible for cardiovascular disorders.
- Provides information about family history of any form of cardiovascular disorder.
- It helps in precise diagnosis of the disorder.
- It helps in initiating effective prediction and treatment plan for the patients healing.
- It also helps to be taken with regard to the success rate of the treatment for the disorder, as it gives a clear picture of the level of severity of the disorder.
- It also gives an idea about the immune and healing mechanism of the patient.
- It provides information about the type of treatment, medicine, the patient will be sensitive or resistant to during the treatment period.
- It helps in identifying cardiology disorders, which can be conveyed from a pregnant mother to her baby in the womb and can further help in the prognosis and prevention n such cases.
When does a doctor advise genetically testing in cardiology disorders?
A doctor may ask the patient to go for genetic testing to know facts about the heredity, family history of a particular heart-related problem. He may ask for genetic testing to diagnose the severity of the disease and to find out the risk level of the disorder for other family members. Genetic testing cardiology disorders also help in the diagnosis and treatment of the disorder and to assess the success rate of the treatment and chances of relapse of the disease in the future. Genetic testing also helps in suggesting what type of symptoms and conditions to expect and how to handle them with support, apart from the medical treatment. The most common referral reasons for genetic testing in cardiology are:
- Patients presenting common symptoms of cardiovascular disease.
- People having a family history of cardiovascular diseases and related deaths.
- People are also referred for genetic testing even if they do not have a family history of cardiovascular diseases, but display symptom related to heart disease.
- People with a negative but suspected family history of cardiovascular diseases.